Artifact Spotlight — Pipe Stem Fragment

Kristi Nichols, Director of Archaeology, Collections and Historical Research
January 16, 2020
Fragment of pipe stem
Approx. Date of Artifact: 18th — 19th Century.

During the excavations on the exterior of the south side of the Church, a fragment of a pipe stem was recovered. The small fragment, measuring approximately 0.59 inches, is black in color and slightly triangular in shape.

Due to the small nature of the fragment, the material is a bit difficult to determine. It is possible that it is constructed of clay, bone, or reed. Both black clay and black reeds as pipe stems are likely.

The most fascinating part of this artifact is the presence of teeth marks on the end of the pipe stem.